Doctors and scientists are once again concerned about the potential threats from deadly superbugs, but most of the folks aren’t even aware of them. Recently at National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Md, doctors had to face the death of 7th patient after he was diagnosed with some kind of bacterial antibiotic-resistant strain.
These incidents have given birth to some serious questions about the consistent rise of deadly superbugs that are not treatable with any kind of antibiotics. Two of the most prominent of these deadly bugs are MRSA and KPC.
Way back in 2006, CDC reported over 18,650 casualties in US due to MRSA, which stands for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. As per the experts, both KPC and MRSA result due to the same problem, i.e., excess usage of antibiotics. Let us take a look at 4 of the most dangerous superbugs that can potentially cause death of an individual –
pneumonia resides in large bowel, and causes a disease called Klebsiella pneumonia. This is a medical condition that is marked by chills, high fever and expulsion of sputum, a viscous liquid from the lungs. Normally, an antibiotic called Carbapenems is used to fight Klebsiella pneumonia, but when the organism turns immune to the antibiotic then it becomes something called Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase. What makes it really dangerous is that it has very few options for treatment.
- MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus)
This one is probably the most dreaded superbug, which is always seen doing rounds on the Internet, as well as on newspapers throughout the globe. Staphylococcus Aureus is actually very common, often carried by different people either in their nostrils or skin. In this form, the bacterium only causes a very mild kind of infection on skin that is often easily treated. However, it turns nasty only when these infamous organisms sneak into wounds and cuts. Once inside a wound, it can potentially infect every organ of a body. Some of the common problems are lung infection, heart infection, and blood poisoning.
- Resistant Acinetobacter Baumannii
Some doctors feel that it is the successor of the dangerous MRSA. Just the way other kinds of infections normally develop in hospital surroundings, Acinetobacter Baumannii also sneaks into the cuts and wounds. If the host has a compromised or weak immune system, this organism can cause havoc inside a human body. Until few years ago, it was considered as very rare infection, but many soldiers who came back from Iraq in 2003 were diagnosed with this superbug. It was concluded that the infection was picked from the soil in Iraq and it could spread from there.
- Antibiotic Resistant Neisseria Gonorrhoea
Unlike most of the superbugs that are very rare, Gonorrhoea is a common sexually transmitted disease, but has recently become very resistant to the normal cures. It spreads due to any form of sex that is practised unprotected, and in few cases even the symptoms don’t appear, which makes it even more dangerous, as it can be easily transmitted further.
Some of the common symptoms are infertility to even simpler symptoms like sore throat. The problem currently faced by doctors and medical research experts are that most of these superbugs including few new ones are increasingly becoming resistant to their regular cures.
So, in most cases when a patient is found infected, there are good chances that he or she might not be completely saved from these deadly superbugs even after rigorous medication, and things may go out of control in such cases.